A History of Denim


Seeing that denim jeans have been a clothing staple for men since the 19th century, the jeans that I’m wearing right now are a lot different from the denim jeans that my grandfather or even my dad wore.  According to sources, before the 1950s most denim jeans were crafted from raw and selvedge denim that was made in the United States. But in the subsequent decades, as denim went from workwear to an everyday style, the way jeans were produced changed dramatically.


With the implementation of cost cutting technologies and the outsourcing of manufacturing jobs to developing countries, the quality of your average pair was greatly reduced. Changes in consumer expectations altered the denim landscape as well; guys wanted to pick up pre-washed, pre-faded, pre-broken-in, and even pre-ripped jeans that looked like they’d been worn for years.

So what is denim? Well, according to Quality Logo Products, denim is a woven fabric commonly made with a blue cotton warp yarn and a white cotton filling yarn. When it was first designed, denim was primarily used to make work clothes and tough clothing like overalls, but today it is used for everything from purses and skirts to denim jackets and other fashionable clothes. Denim is so popular in the twenty-first century that you can hardly walk into a store without seeing it on racks and displays.

You might also ask, how is denim made? Checking out the complex pattern of the fabric on denim jeans, that pattern is referred to as “twill weave,” and it is caused by finely-interwoven yarns. The white cotton filling yarns run the width of the fabric and interlace at 90-degree angles with the blue cotton warp yarns, which also run the length of the fabric, and therefore produce the fine lines you see on your denim.

Most denim jeans you buy today have been pre-washed to soften up the fabric, reduce shrinkage, and prevent indigo dye from rubbing off. Raw denim, sometimes called “dry denim” jeans are simply jeans made from denim that hasn’t gone through this pre-wash process. Because the fabric hasn’t been pre-washed, raw denim jeans are pretty stiff when you put them on the first time. It takes a few weeks of regular wear to break-in and loosen up a pair. The indigo dye in the fabric can rub off as well.

It is said that Raw denim (all denim actually) comes in two types, sanforized or unsanforized. Sanforized denim has undergone a chemical treatment that prevents shrinkage after you wash your jeans. Most mass-produced jeans are sanforized, and many raw and selvedge denim jeans are too. Unsanforized denim hasn’t been treated with that shrink-preventing chemical, so when you do end up washing or soaking your jeans, they’ll shrink by 5%-10%.


Raw denim is dark denim and dark denim is probably one of the most versatile pieces of clothing you can own. Raw denim jeans look much sharper than a faded pair of Wranglers, and not only can you wear them with a t-shirt and a pair of Converse, you can also pair them with a dress shirt and a sport coat for a night on the town.


Author: Terrell Poole

Professional Salesperson, Joseph Chappius, a Financial Advisor of Northwestern Mutual, visits Professional Sales Class


Joseph Chappius, a Financial Advisor of Northwestern Mutual, Buffalo NY, volunteered to give his advice in the Professional Sales class which is taught by Professor Dudkowski. Chappius, who lives in Albion, saw himself as a salesperson through his finance internship, many years back. He sees sales as a combination of “Art” and “Science”.

When he wanted to make sales, he followed a 10:3:1 ratio, he will talk to 10 clients and select 3 clients who he thinks he had the opportunity to make a sale to. He also stated that “Time is money” by that he means he will spend the least amount of time with the client that he thinks would not be interested in buying or investing. He stated, “I’d rather spend my time with clients that he likes and the clients who has the willingness to invest”.

Chappius shared his selling experiences with the students in the class. He mentioned that he received more “No” than “Yesses”. He said a successful salesperson had met many failures before he or she succeed. He looked at failing as “keep going”. Every time Chappius failed to make a sale, he will do a “self-reflection” and ask “what do you want for now and your future” and always “Think Big”. He said as a salesperson “you don’t want people to tell you, how much you are worth”. You want to be worth as much as you want, you do rely on a fixed paycheck. Chappius mentioned “the more people you talk with, the more customers you are going to get.” When he talked to his clients, he focused on three criteria, “Are they nice?”, “Do they want to be helped?”, and “Do they have the capacity to save?”

Chappius gave his final advice to the students in the class, which was “be a person, be yourself, know your products, never use “Me” and “I”, and always listen to your clients. After this presentation, students were given the opportunity to ask Chappius questions. At the end of the class, Chappius was given a GCC Plaid Tie as an appreciation for coming to GCC and sharing his experiences with the students.

On behalf of the class, I would like thank Mr. Chappius for his time and advice on how to be a successful salesperson. We learned a lot from him.

Kah Chan “Kevin”
President of PTK – Alpha Iota Upsilon

Eurybia: Seafaring Vagabond


Eurybia is an ancient sea goddess daughter of Gaia and Pontus.  Some sources claim that she is obscure and insignificant but that cannot be right because she was given protection over the ocean waters by her parentless, primordial Earth Mother.  She has dominion of the deepest parts with “a heart of flint” and who knows what Shimmers Down There with sunken civilizations and sea monsters as well as vast reservoirs of undiscovered energy — certainly an impact upon the climate.

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There seems to have been a coup d’etat  by later sea deities and the  male dominated shipping commerce–especially in the 18th century.

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The oceans erroneously referred to as the “seven seas” are actually five:  Arctic, Atlantic, Indian, Pacific, and Southern.  These “great waters” embody the principle of the sacred feminine as originator and sustainer of all planetary life so women should reclaim their right to journey there.  In ancient times, there were several sets of “seven seas” and this voyage will follow the Mediterranean Herculean Route along the cote d’azur from the port of Barcelona, Spain to Rome, Italy and on to Athens, Greece.

Traditionally, women have been considered trouble at sea but the Male Sailor needs to get over that.  There are many ways for a woman to experience the romance and adventure of the high seas (after carefully researching and assessing the risks, of course).

In a legend as old as time, a Fisherman Wife can wait on the wharf.

Or, have a Selfie Retreat in a cottage or beach resort.

Or, Work the Crew of a merchant or research vessel.

Or, be a Honeymoon Bride on a cruise.

There are several ports of call, including:

Stepping out at Monaco, and…

Sightseeing in Marseille.


After arriving in Rome, an additional trip will return the ancient goddess to Athens Nightlife.  From here, one could cruise up the Dalmatian Coast of the Adriatic or depart on an island tour of the Aegean Sea.


Our Seafaring Vagabond wants to explore the “Seven Seas” of the Black, Caspian, Arabian, Aegean, Red, Adriatic, and Indian Ocean.  There are high risks and rough spots ahead but she is going to ease into it by touring the islands of the Aegean:  precinct of the sun’s renown.  Elysium!!!

One must be confident, well-packed, and non-flirty to “step out on the waters”  and  go beyond.

Author: Nadine Jeffery

Do You Want To Be The Next Face of GCC?!


Are you interested in being one of the faces of GCC? Well we have the perfect opportunity for you!

Calling all GCC students and alumni!

Next week photoshoots for the new GCC faces will begin. If you would like to be one of these faces then email marcom@genesee.edu with your full name, email address, your program of study, and preferred time slot! After that you will get a confirmation email for your time slot along with an attached file of your model consent form that must be filled out and brought with you on the day of your photoshoot, or feel free to stop by and drop it off ahead of time in the MarCom office.

The time slots are:
Monday 4/10: 11:30am-2:00pm
Wednesday 4/12: 8:30-10:30am
Thursday 4/13: 11:00am-2:30pm
Tuesday 4/18: 4:00-6:00pm
Friday 4/21: LAST CALL! 11:00am-1:00pm

Your image could be used for various marketing purposes, including displays in the cafeteria above the vending machines and on our website! Please feel free to bring props that show who you are whether it be your future profession or a passion you have. Also make sure to look fresh, this could be scrubs, a uniform, GCC gear, anything to do with your profession or passion. Have fun with it! Your photo will be sent to you to keep for personal use as well.

The photoshoot will be held in the TV Studio (T137) at the Batavia Campus. It is next door to the Online Learning Office on the first floor of the technology building.

This is a great opportunity and totally free, plus you get to be in one if not many of the GCC advertisements! We hope to see you there!

The Official Flyer: Faces of Genesee flyer_2017

The BEST Study Tips For College Students


Finals are slowly creeping up on us, and before we know it we’ll be preparing for finals. Unfortunately not everyone knows how to properly study which can be a fatal to your grades. You have all of the material, you just don’t know how to study it. Here are the best study tips to help you conquer any exam!

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1. Be Organized

So often people underestimate the importance of being organized. This is not only helpful as a student, but it will also be helpful in your future endeavors.

    • Have a study time scheduled in your day. This is the best way to ensure that you will study, if it’s scheduled into your day you are less likely to get distracted and it ensures that you will get to it because you’ve set aside time to do so.
    • Refer to your syllabus. Your syllabus is a free tool that you didn’t have to do any work to get, and sadly so few people use it. The teacher takes the time to layout everything you need to know for the semester so why not use it?! This is your guide to success in your class, and if you use it to your benefit it’s almost difficult to not succeed.
    • Write everything down. You’re probably really tired of hearing about agendas from me, but I cannot stress the benefit of having and using one. Your agenda can be a great tool if utilized correctly. I use mine to write down homework assignments to do, upcoming tests, due dates, work schedule, everything can easily be accessed in one place; your agenda!

2. Only Study What You Need to Know

A lot of the time your exams are broken up containing only a few chapters, or your professor will tell you prior to the exam what you need to know. So instead of going through and rereading every single chapter or studying all of your notes. Study what you need to know. Don’t fill up your head with a ton of information that will be completely useless on the exam. College students tend to make things 10x’s more stressful than it needs to be.

3. Turn Off Distractions

I’m pretty sure you’re not going to be as productive or truly be studying to the best of your ability if you’re blasting music, watching Netflix, or on your phone. Turn your distractions off! I know it’s a crazy concept in 2017 to put your phone down, turn off the TV, and just focus on school work, but it is possible and it will benefit you. The truth is multitasking is actually more harmful than helpful so just try to remain focused on one thing, what you’re trying to study. But if you do need to listen to music or at least have some sort of noise I would suggest listening to calming music without lyrics, this will be the least distracting and still allow you to study effectively.

4. Test Your Knowledge by Trying to Explain the Concept

I love this technique because it truly allows you to understand what you know, and what you need to work on. Whether it be with a study partner or your sibling or parent, sit down and explain a concept on your upcoming exam to them. If you can fully explain every point and the entire concept to them then you are golden, if not just jot down what you still need to work on and study, study, study!

5. Personalize Your Studying

The same method of studying does not work for everyone, so personalize it to yourself and make it work for you. At the end of the day no one study method is going to work for every college student in the world, you have to just find out how your brain works, and how you learn best. Just be willing to put in the time and effort, and it will work out.

That’s all I have for study tips, I hope this was helpful and I wish you all the best on finals!

“The difference between ordinary and extraordinary is that little extra.”

-Jimmy Johnson


Spring Trends 2017


Spring has just begun, so that means we must prepare for new fashion trends and styles.  No matter how many clothes you have in your closet, you’ve probably felt like you just can’t figure out what matches, or what really compliments each other. This is when monochromatic colors come into play.  Leave your dark colors in the fall, and switch to brighter & more fun monochromatic colors for spring. Next time when you don’t have time to put an outfit together, try putting some of the same color pieces together. It’ll save you the time and hassle, while still allowing you to look trendy.

It’s been awhile since we’ve seen mini skirts, now they’re back in season. Though, the weather isn’t too hot right now, that shouldn’t stop you from wearing a fashionable mini skirt. You can wear a mini skirt tomorrow and pair it with a simple pair of leggings. Denim skirts are also still trending. Any season is a great season to wear denim, but it just depends on how you dress it up ranging from overalls, jackets, jeans, and more.

Switch out your bomber jacket for a varsity jacket for when the spring weather tends to get confusing.  A blazer doesn’t have to always be used for formal occasions. Take an oversized blazer, button it all the way down, and you now have a trendy D.I.Y dress for the spring. Gingham is another print that’s coming back into style.  No, you won’t look like a walking tablecloth, this will be our new warm weather print. I believe yellow is the top color for this spring, all shades of yellow.  This color will get you noticed.  It brings on sunny rays with good vibes.

There’s no way you can fail with a matching set, for example, track suits have been worn by a couple celebrities throughout the week. You can also never go wrong with a graphic tee with bold statements, a shirtdress, a fanny pack, oversized clothes, fishnets, bright tights and much more. Basically, you can wear whatever defines Spring to you. Enjoy!


Author: Lorraine Aryee